What is RtI?
Response to Intervention (RtI) is "the practice of providing 1) high-quality instruction/intervention matched to student needs and 2) using learning rate over time and level of performance to 3) make important educational decisions" (Batsche, et al., 2005). This means RtI is a school process used to determine if a student is responding to classroom instruction and progressing as expected according to other peers of the same grade. In an RtI process, students who are struggling receive additional instructional support provided by matching instruction to student need through a multi-tier instructional model. Each level, also known as a tier, provides instruction with increased intensity such as smaller groups or instructional time focused on specific areas.
Our school also uses a tiered behavior support known as Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS). For more information on PBIS, please click www.pbis.org.
RtI Essential Components
- 3-Tiered Model Appoach
- Using a Problem-Solving Method for decision making
- Integrated data system that informs instruction
Tier 1 Instruction - designed for all learners and meets the needs of a majority of students. It consists of universal, research-based interventions for all students. It's preventative and proactive. A screening, called a curriculum based measures (CBM), is conducted on every student three times a year. A screening is a quick assessment that measures a student's skills or behaviors expected for his or her grade level. Using the results of the screening, students are progress monitored weekly or bi-weekly depending on their instructional recommendation. As students progress through progress monitoring, it may recommend that a student be provided additional instructional support to address the student's areas of need as related to the data collection.
Tier 2 Instruction - designed to provide strategic, targeted, extensions to the core curriculum. Identified students receive high efficiency and rapid response. Tier 2 intervention is in addition to the student's regular classroom instruction and may be provided within the classroom or in a separate room. Tier 2 intervention usually means that a student is: taught in a small group; receiving additional instruction time; and/or taught using various instructional methods such as more opportunities for practice and more intensive instruction on difficult concepts.
Tier 3 Instruction - designed as intense intervention and extensions to the core and tier 2 instruction to meet individual needs. Interventions are of high intensity. For students who are still not progressing with Tier 2 intervention, Tier 3 intervention may be provided. Instruction at this level may be more frequent, smaller group and/or for a longer period of time than that provided in Tiers 1 or 2. Tier 3 may utilize materials or programs which focus specifically on skills with which the student may be having difficulty.
Steps of the Problem Solving Approach
Click to see the RtI flow chart.
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Parent Resources for RtI